Facebook https mixed content warning on IE9

When browsing the web, you might have seen a "mixed content warning" popup show in your browser. They are most of the time poorly worded and their meaning is quite obscure.

What it means is that your are currently browsing a page with both httpand httpscontent. Typically, if your page is httpsbut one of the css, js or image file it contains is requested through http, the warning will pop.

(It's interesting to note here that not all assets are treated equal. Loading a flash movie through httpdoes not trigger the warning).

The IE special case

Now, what's special about IE is that it also trigger the mixed content warning when content is the other way around. If you're serving a page through http and load assets through https, it will consider it a mixed content too.

In a sense, that's logical, but it needlessly prompt the user with a dialog that block downloading of all httpsassets until confirmed.

The solution is to make sure that all your assets are loaded with the same protocol as the host page. An easy way to do so is to use the // relative protocol url. This will use httpor httpsautomatically based on the page protocol.

And adding Facebook to the mix

A few months ago, Facebook forced all apps to serve content through https. In the meantime, they suggested that all their users browse their website using httpstoo.

Unfortunatly for us, some of our own users had bookmarks in their browsers and Facebook pages referencing our old http://apps.facebook.com/appname/ url. And following that link triggered the dreaded mixed content warning in IE.

When accessing this page, Facebook was loaded in classic httpbut our inner iframe was loaded through https. So far, so good.

The problem came from one of Facebook own javascript SDK included in our app. This script loaded other scripts based on what it needed.

Unfortunatly, it loaded the other scripts from an http(not https) server. The SDK has two distinct sets of urls, based on the current page protocol.

It was wrongly considering being in an httppage, not an httpsone, and thus used the wrong set of urls. This confusing comes from the fact that it checks the top page protocol instead of checking the current page protocol.

After some googling, I found a solution that consisted in forcing the SDK to consider that we are in httpsmode by calling : FB._https = true before the call toFB.init()

Almost there

If correctly forced FB to use the correct set of urls, thus removing the mixed content warning. And I almost thought it would be that easy.

It was not.

This did not fixed the payment popup. All Facebook UI element loaded correctly (feeds, permissions, requests), but the payment popup.

I couldn't find a way to fix that, so I reverted to a more brutal approach.

Final and brutal solution

All my problems came from the fact that FB thought we were serving http while in fact we were serving https. So the solution, might be to force FB to serve httpsfrom start to end.

I wanted to detect if the page was loaded through http://apps.facebook.com/appname/ or https://apps.facebook.com/appname/.

Unfortunatly, due to cross domain restrictions in Javascript, we are not able to read, from inside and iframe, the parent frame properties. So I couldn't read top.location.protocol to easily check if I needed to redirect.

But, as I mentionned earlier, FB._https incorrectly report that we are not in httpsbecause it checks the top protocol. So I used this var, to know if the parent frame was in the correct protocol or not. Using this own FB bug to fix itself.

Now, for the redirect : even if I couldn't read thetop.location, I could modify it. I just had to call top.location.url = 'https://apps.facebook.com/appname/' to redirect the whole page.

I hardcoded the app url because there was no way to get it from js, and I took care of keeping any GET parameter passed before the redirect, and I ended up with this :

if (!FB._https) {
  var appUrl = 'https://apps.facebook.com/appname/';
  var iframeUrl = location.protocol+'//'+location.host+location.pathname;
  var redirectUrl = location.href.replace(iframeUrl, appUrl);
  top.location.href = redirectUrl;
  return;
}
FB.init(options);

Conclusion

I'm not really proud of this solution, as it is mostly a hack and will force a useless loading of the http version before loading the https one, but that's the best I've found. If any of you have a better solution, feel free to comment.


Tags : #facebook #fb #https #ie9 #javascript

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